Green Weed by Dr. Seymour Kindbud (6 February 2019)


The Scribe has always been interested in cannabis because of information leading to a more relaxed state (like a “downer”).  Also information for native Indians along with other countries throughout the world.  For my Christmas present this year I received this book (Green Weed) from my niece.  I’m so excited about this book that I recommended it to the MG Buds book club.  Upon further investigation the book is not readily available, so the book club is not going to pursue reading.  But hey, I’m going to read it, and make gardening notes while reading the entire book.

FYI: book was published in 2010

  • came from a 1/2 price book store
  • It was written when it was illegal in all 50 states to grow the “weed”

Chapter 1:   Mother Nature

  • Its been called
    • grass
    • weed
    • Ganja
    • Pot
    • Chronic
    • and Mother Nature
  • there is no distilling, refining, processing, or manufacturing
  • It’s all from sunshine, fresh air, and fertile earth
  • Marijuana was first grown in Mexico (when know as mother nature)
  • farmed in fields
  • packed into bricks
  • smuggled across the border
  • homegrown could be harsh-tasting and low potency
  • many different imported varieties
  • Clubs have been legalized to grow medical marijuana in CA and RI
  • The breeding of weed has been amped up for potency and productivity
  • Some growers use synthetic means to increase production  and to fertilize along with weeding and killing pests
  • These chemicals pollute the ground water and hurts wildlife
  • frog and bird problems
  • Beware if you use chemicals
    • could cause cramps
    • or aches
  • Use the organic approach
  • use smart techniques to mimic nature
  • apply only natural products when possible
  • let the plants develop a chemical dependence the organic way
  • other chemicals upset the balance
  • organic ingrediencies taste the best (from wine makers)
  • When you are done growing you will feel good because you did not pollute the environment
  • So let’s dig in!

2:  What’s In The Names?

  • Back in the Day:
    • Panama Red
    • Acapulco Gold
    • Maui Wowie
  • Currently
    • Kush
    • South Diesel
    • AK-47
    • Blueberries
  • Has four species in the genus:
    • Cannabis sativa
    • cannabis indiva
    • cannabis afghantica
    • cannabis ruderalis
  • These are where “strains” come from
  • Breeder also hand pollenate between two species
  • Sativa vs, Indica:
    • these have the most potential species of cannabis
    • Sativa
      • grows in the wild in Mexico, Central America, Columbia, and Jamaca
      • likes growing by equator
      • has high THC levels
      • could relieve migraines
      • also stirs up your appetite
      • grows tall and thin, with little green leaves
      • grow quickly
      • can grow 20 feet tall
      • The buds develop with yellowish pigment to protect them from light
      • These mature to a more reddish hue
    • Indica:
      • is native to Afghanistan, Kashmir, Morocco, and Turkey
      • was developed primarily for making hashish
      • effects is tend toward relaxation, and relieving anxiety
      • For pain and muscle relaxation
      • plants are shorter
      • broad leaves
      • Grow faster and matures more quickly
      • Usual about 2 months after flower begins
      • has a skunky smell
      • taste of fruit and pine
    • General Guidelines
      • Outside or In?
        • use the Indica
      • Warm or Cool?
        • Indica are a better choice in cooler climates with shorter growing seasons.
      • Open or Discreet?

sativa attracts more attention (tall)

      • Quality or Quantity
        • plant sativa for more buds and potency
    • Perfect balance
      • you want plants growing in the right conditions
        • thus, less work
        • then, plant seeds from your own growth…
        • thus creating your own strain
  • Quick hints;
    • Plant sativa outside, indica indoors
    • grow a couple different varieties

The Cannabis Cup

  • weed breeding
  • held in Amsterdam

Chapter 3:  Going Underground

  • The soil is the most important to grow anything
  • biologically active’
  • soil has billions of microscopic  bacteria
  • God Dirt
    • mix of sand, clay, and other organic material
      • clay soil is more dense and hard packed
      • this makes it tough for the roots to spread
    • sandy soil
      • loose
      • very pourus
      • drains away quickly
      • add organic matter
      • good soil keeps microbes happy to nourish your plant
      • hif water logged the plant roots could rot
      • to test soil use the Percolation Test
  • The ABCs of pH
    • pH is an abbreviation for potential hydrogen
    • it’s a ratio of positive charged hydrogen ion vs. negative charged hydroxide ions.
    • the higher the concentrate of hydrogen ion, the more acidic the soil
    • p values go from 0-14 with 7 being neutral
    • nutrients must dissolve in the soil-water solution for the plants to absorb them
    • pH also gives the solubility of minerals
    • pH for cannabis plants is slightly acidic from 6.3 to 6.8
  • Testing, Testing
    • soil testing
    • take soil to Winn. county
    • look at this test as a road map…it won’t be organic
  •   Organic Matter Rules
    • It’s all in the residue of decaying leaves, stems,….
    • organic matter is the building block of soil
    • This is a way to pass on nutrients
    • organic matter remedies the weakness of the soil
    • organic matter
      • keep away frim grass that’s been treated with herbicides
      • or synthetic fertilizer
      • throughout the season keep your soil blanketed with 2 to 4 inches of leaves/grass clippings
  • Crazy for Compost
    • build a compost pile for organic matter
      • black gold
      • it’s slightly acidic
      • helps the pH
    • Compost works like a sponge in the soil
    • they combat nasty soil organisms that causes plant diseae
    • To make compost you might be decreasing your garbage load
  • Rules for a compost bin
    • 3″ X 3″ in dimension
    • spread  alayer of leaves or grass on the ground’
    • top off with kitchen scraps
    • spent plants
    • include both brown (dead) and green (fresh) stuff
    • It’s like interest, it just keeps compounding
    • The compost pile produces the best fertilizer and soil conditioner
    • Note:  to much brown stuff will slow down the decomposition process
    • to much green stuff and the pile will be mucky
    • don’t use inoculant.
    • Use Manure to “jack up” nutrients
    • Ask a farmer for some “crap”
    • Add compost about 4 to 6 weeks before planting
    • If planting seeds directly; mix 1/2″ into the bed before you sow
    • for transplanting, toss a couple handfuls into the hole, and work it into the soil
    • to keep your crop pure, you want a mix with no nutrients, then mix in the comp0st.
  • Booster Shots
    • Too acidic:  Powdered lime
    • Too Alkaline:  Elemental sulfur
    • Low nitrogen:  Blood meal, fish meal
    • Low phosphorus:  colloidal or rock phosphate
    • Low potassium:  wood ash, or seaweed shell lime
    • Excessive clay:  Agriculture gypsum
    • Low calcium:  bone meal, oyster shell
    • you have to encourage nutrients accessibility to your plants
  • Till or Not
    • makes soil dust
    • hurts earthworms
  • Quick Tip
    • Get soil tester
    • check your soils drainage  (should be 1 to 4 inches per hour)
  • Pass the Percolation Test
    • dig 3 or four holew
      • 1.5′ deep
      • 6″ wide
    • Pour water in the holes, and wait until it’s dry.  Then fill the holes again
    • the next day, come back and fill the hole again.  Then check regularly to see how long before the hole drains ry.
      • less than 1/2″ per hour indicates poor drainage
      • 1/2 ti 1 inch is slow but acceptable
      • 1 to 4″ per hour is ideal
      • faster than 4″ in a hour shows that the soil has too little moisture
  • Compost Yeas and Naus
    • Yes:
      • kitchen scrapes
      • leaves
      • flowers
      • grass clippings
      • straw
      • egg shells
      • coffee grounds
      • shredded paper
      • wood ash
      • manure
      • hair
    • No
      • meat scrapes
      • oil soaked paper
      • manure from dogs, cats, other carnivores

Chapter 4:  Making your Bed  <p.43

  • There are two ways to make a bed
    • fast
    • slow
  • The ideal location
    • a south facing slope
    • If this is not possible…..then:
      • need for full sun
        • about 10 hrs. per day
        • look for afternoon sun
        • generally, beds facing south or west get the most light
      • Not too wet.
        • don’t plant in swampy or low-lying areas
        • beware of creeks
        • cannabis cannot handle flooding
      • The right side
        • make series of beds 4′ wide by 10′
        • this is good for maintenance
        • stepping on soil compresses
    • Slow and Easy
      • paper
        • need about 8 sheets for every square foot
      • Peat Moss
        • cover each bed by about 3 to 4 inches thick
      • Organic matter
    • put down the paper
    • then 1 inch of peat moss
    • then a layer of organic matter

now you can kick back and relax.  Your work is done.  In 12 to 16 weeks  the layers will have decomposed.  When ready to plant dig your holes in the bed!

Faster and Harder

  • Use a spade or carpet knife
  • Shovel or garden fork
  • A rake
    • to outline the perimeter of the of the plot
    • leave small plants because they decompose quickly
  • When using the carpet knife, cut down about 3 inches to remove as much loose soil as possible
  • Use shovel to loosn the soil down 12 inches
    • remove any stones
    • mix organic matter
  • The bed is now ready to plant
  • You don’t want to step on the planting area again

Quick Hints;

weed blocking newspaper (sheets)


Raising the Bed

  • Use a raised bed
  • cab plant in the spring
    • soil warms up quicker and dries faster
  • plants can spewad out roots in loose soil
  • don’t walk on your soil
  • for a raised bed mound up with a fake to have your mound about four feet wide and 6 inches high
  • A bed without a frame will erode during the growing season

Chapter 5;  Starting Up

  • Two options;
    • start from seed
    • use cuttings from another grower
  • check the viability status…seeds that are:
    • dark
    • round
    • feel solid
  • these are viable, not is seeds are;
    • white
    • pale
    • or ddented….they are not viable
  • Can also put the seeds in a bowl of water
    • if they float are partially hollow and will not sprout
  • Can do a sprouting test
    • needs resealable bag
    • paper towl (moisten)
    • after three days/check
    • after about three days you should see growth
    • could see triny white roots
    • after two weeks, if noting, you need a new seed source
  • Outdoors or In?:
    • outside is the safest
      • need to wait until the nighttime temp. is 60 degrees F
  • Direct to the Ground
    • plant after last frost date
    • make sure the ground is not muddy from melted snow
    • when planting spread 1/2 inch of compost
    • dig a furrow about an inch deep
    • lightly moisten, but don’t soak the soil!
    • spread the seeds down the furrow about 3 to 5 inches apart
    • gently press the seeds into the soil
    • cover the seeds with the dirt that you dug out of the furrow
    • firm the soil, but not that tough!
    • soil must be kept damp
    • lightly sprinkle the seedbed whenever it’s dry
    • when sprouted spread grass clippings, use mulch 1 to 2 inch to protect the moisture
  • Indoor Starts:
    • indooe growth and transplanting is the best to grow in any climate
    • can be more discrete; but will need:
      • fluorescent shop lamps  2 pulb is fine but get equal number of warm and cool bulb
      • seeding trays:  a blend of peat moss
        • they are soild with synethetic fertilizer  (pass of this)
        • buy the raw ingredients
      • compost:
        • can buy a bag from the nursery

Dr. Kindbud’s Pro Tool-Kit

  • Spear and/Jackson tools
    • shovels
    • spades
    • rakes
    • forks
    • trowels
  • Cobrahead weeder and cultivator
  • Felco pruners
  • Haws watering can
  • Atlas Fit Gardening gloves

P. 63

Indoor needs

  • use plastic for seed trys to covver
  • fertilizer: use a liquied organic fertilizer
  • if the fertilizer is clear, bright green or blue liquid, it’s not organic
  • Use a spray bottle that mists
  • a small FAN that won’t blow your trays away
  • A timer to turn lights on ore off
  • Find a room where you can control the lightr coming in and the temp between 65 and 75 F.
  • in a bucked mix one part of compost into three parts pf the soil-less mix
  • the composts gives the new roots nutrients
  • dampen ALL THE MIX (in planting cells)
  • lightly press down on the cells
  • place two seeds in each cell
  • push the seeds in a bit
  • sprinkle soil-less mix on top of each cell
  • cover the whole tray with a plastic lid
  • the seeds do not need light to germinate, so keep in a dark room
  • after a couple of days you will see condensation
  • keep checking the tray AND sprinkle water when needed
  • first sprout should appear after 10 days
  • set the plant in the klight
  • keep the light between 2 and 3 inches from the plant
  • if using a timer give the plants at least 14 hours per day (or 24)
  • Now you must keep the soil consistanly moist so the sprouts have a stead supply of water
  • At a young age, the sprouts can die in a day!


if your seedling start to look tall and spindly, they are too far from the light.  Move them closer.


First Days

  • seeds are known as cotyledon
  • a week or two after sprouting the first leaves appear
  • after development if the second set of leaves you can “feed” the srouts
    • once a week add  add a few drops of fish-seaweed fertilizer
    • or compost tea to water and then spray in soil
  • once two set of leaves have developed set the plant a couple feet away from the trays
  • Run the fan gentle
  • this breeze help the plant develop sturdier stems
  • the fan breeze also derfers any fungi
  • if you see fungi spread a little more pat moss on the soil
  • since you planted two seedlings per cell, after 3 or 4 weeks
    • has the thickest stem
    • and more dense leaf cover
    • if you don’t do this your plant will be much smaller and weaker
  • In the next few weeks, the seedlings will be more than six inches tall (ready to be “potted up”)
  • get “jiffy” cups (4 inch size)
    • fill it 3/4 full with the same original mix moisten it
    • from the cell, push I=out the plant, and gently unwrap the root
    • put it into a bigger pot and add soil
    • make sure the “junction” on the stem to soil is the same from cell to pot
    • adjust your light so it remain aa couple inches from the plant
  • Once a week, let the tray dry out and give each plant a dose of liquid fish fertilizer.
  • Keep using the fan watching for thick and health stems

Moving Out

  • about two weeks before the last frost date
  • put them in a sheltered location, after a couple hours, bring them back in
  • over the next two weeks gradually increase the time
  • make sure the soil remains damp
  • the plants are “hardening”


Late afternoon on an overcast day is ideal for transplanting.  The steps to follow are”

  • open a hole
    • planting hole
    • digger than the dia. of the plant
  • Water before planting
    • until root start growing the can’t draw water from soil
    • make sure the olant is well hydrated before taking out of pot
  • tip the plant from the pot
    • tip plant upside down
    • squeeze the plant out
    • if you must tug, use the leaves, not the stem
  • Loosen the roots
    • unwrap the roots if they are wrapped around and around the plant
    • this will help them grow out into surrounding soil
  • Set it into the hole
    • put seedling in the hole at the same depth “junction”
  • Backfill and water again
    • keep soil consistantly moist
    • until new leaves begin to grow
    • for the first 24 hours the plant will look droopy
    • “transplant shock” Should ecove in a couple of days

Quick Tips

  1. test seeds for viability
  2. start indoors use soil-less mix
  3. keep seedling constantly moist

Chapter 6:  Males, Females, Long Days and Dark Nights

p. 73

  • Cannabis is an annual plant
  • a plant produces about the same male and female seeds quantity
  • as the females pollunate they form a flower (which is known as a bud)
  • If the females do not pollunate they produce the bud, but no seeds
  • stamens for the male seeds
  • pistils for the female
  • males producew pollen ands then they shed it, or reelease it into the air
  • Then the female ovaries open up and extend a tube to capture the pollen
  • these tube are “the hairs”.
  • the pollen has 1/2 of the chromosomes and the overy has the other half
  • the life cycle of cannabis takes 4 to 6 months.

Girls Only

  • male cannabis plants will fertilize most
  • if you isolate all the females, they will produce seed free buds
  • good for harvest, but not good for next years crop
  • Female plants are shorter and have more branches than males do
  • female plants are generally leafier
  • You need to identify the reproductive organs
  • look for “nodes” where it’s an intersection of the stem and lateral branches
  • male organs develop a curved, claw shape, which changes into rounded balls hanging down from very thin filaments.
  • The female develops long white, yellow, or pink “hairs”.  The pistils usually show up in pairs.  These hairs are covered with resin to help the pollen to attach to them

Reproductive Care

  • the male organs begin showing their organs approximately three weeks before females
  • In northern latitudes males may first appear un mid-July
  • p.76
  • pollination can take place within hours of organs appearing
  • as soon as pollination takes place, cut the male plant off at its base
  • shake it very little so it doesn’t shed its pollen near any female plants (flowers)
  • when you have a female plant
    • can be covered with horticulture fabric
    • it lets in light, air, and water (but pollen won’t)
    • drape over the leaf canopy
    • tie it with wine
  • plants need 14 hours of light each day
  • after the plant is  about 4 inches tall, reduce the light to 8 hours
  • once the males are removed you can go back to 14 hours of light

See the light

  • light plays a crucial role for the males to reveal themselves
  • plants have a hormone that;s “turned off” by low light
  • this controls the growing energy
    • for limbs
    • leaves
    • flowering
  • By working with the “light” or sun, you can manipulate the buds

Northern Nights

  • Normally cannabis plants flower after 2 weeks least 10 hours of darkness
  • can cover (block) the light
  • this way plants could be in the dark for 13 hours
  • any light can disrupt the long-night cycle

Bulking Up Your Plants??????

  • plants can grow bigger, produce more buds before they start reproducing
  • shine lights on the whole plant
  • .03 candles is just aboutr right  (moon is .01 candles)
  • qiun the plants are big and ready for them to flower
    • shield them for about 10 hours each day

Quick Hits

  • Cannabis plants can be male or female
    • the buds are clusters of flowers on the female
    • if pollunated by males you will get seeds
  • Shorten daylight hours trigger the reproductive process
  • Manage the light to control re[productive processes
  • The bigger and mature the plant is before the reproductive cycle starts, the more buds will start

p. 84

Useful books:

The Soul of Soils:  Self Building Guide for Master Gardeners by Grace Gershuny

All Leaves, All the Time

  • leaves are potent than buds
    • can be effective and with a mix of tabbacco
    • if you want leaves and shoot work on getting plants 18 hours of light per day

Tip from Dr. Kindbud:

  • use a magnifier glass to check out the reproductive organs of the plant

Chapter Seven:

  • Water wise
    • especially when just starting out
    • needs constant moisture
  • when watering outside
    • sprinkle to keep the root damp at all times
    • asa the seedling grow you want to encourage the roots to look for moisture and nutrients
    • you accomplish this my watering less frequently but water a little heavily
    • two weeks after transplanting your crop outside.
      • push your index finger into the soil
      • feel damp?
      • if so, don’t water the plant
      • plants curl in heat to slow down transpiration
      • water plant directly on the soil
      • will absorb very little moisture through its leaves
      • need for water will entice the roots to ggrow wide vs below the stem
      • could use a soaker hose

Drip, Drip, Drip

  • Set up a watering system

Hold the Moisture Crystals

  • Dr Kindbud does not recommend using these
    • they are not natural
    • they don’t nourish the microbes
    • they will give you a false sense of security
    • stick to the compost
  • The best time to water the plants is the first thing in the morning
    • this allow to absorb the moisture
    • before the sun evaporate the moisture
  • The next best time is the evening. an hour before dusk
  • Now moisture left on ground can bring on fungi
  • can get musty buds

Mulch and then Mulch Again

  • Keep a layer of mulch on top of the soil at all times
  • mulch is vital on keeping the cop hydrated
    • it shields
    • keeps weed seeds in soil from getting enough light to germinate
    • these weeds siphon water and nutrients from the soil
    • weeds also host pests and diseases
    • use grass clippings, shreaded leaves, straw, or pineneedles



  • it’s different because roots can’t spread out
  • keep them constantly moist
  • don’t overwater because plant roots need oxygen
    • can drown if overwatered
    • watering indoors needs balance
  • find the biggest containor to hold the plant that you can
  • get a 5-gallon size
    • maybe 10 gallon
    • the bigger the containore the bigger root system you will have
    • the bigger means the more productive your plant can be
    • need drainage in your pot
    • don’t use gravel, Styrofoam peanuts, or any other drainage materrial
    • this will decrease the root space
    • limits the size and vigor
  • Don’t oversaturate your plant (soil mix)
  • never use soil that has been dug up outside to grow indoors
    • its to dense
    • holds water
  • Don’t use synthetic fertilizer
  • Best soil:
    • is a blend of 3 part peat moss
    • two part compost
    • one partperlite or vermiculate
  • The peat makes sure it will drain well
  • the compost provides essential nutrients.
  • Perlite also absorbs water and gradually releases it back to the soil
  • Best time to water is the start of the day
  • Using water from the tap with probably have chloride in it
    • can lower the soils pH
    • left sitting around, chloride will evaporate
  • Don’t take water straight from the tap to your plants
    • Let it dechlorinate

Quick Hits

  1. after transplants start growing give them a deep soak
  2. pour water directly on soil, not the leaves
  3. Water early in the day
  4. never use outdoor soil for indoor plants
  5. dechlorinate water by letting it sit before you use it

Save the Rain

  • water from the tap has been treated by various chemicals
  • the most organic for your crop is rainwater
  • helps on your ecological footprint by diminishing your demand for water
  • when you water pour the water out slowly to let in sink deep into the soil

Chapter 8:  Feeding Time

  • keep replacing the organic matter in the soil
  • biologically active soil
  • feed the microbes in the soil
  • there is no short cut in building heathy soil
  • synthetic fertilizer plants often prematurely dies
  • Synthetic fertilizer is not balance with the macro and micro portions a plant needs to live
    • they might use phosphoric acid to raise the phosphorus count
    • studies have show that this acid neutralizes other  important trace minerals
  • The environment suffers when synthetic fertilizer is used
    • typically made from petroleum
    • not absorbed by plants right away, so it goes ointo the water-table
      • leads to algae
      • choking many fresh bodies of water
  • This SF will also effect the quality of your buds
  • Stick to organic fertilizer

Label Savvy


  • if buying a product look for the OMRI label
  • Organic Material Review Institute to check on fertilizer
  • look for ammonium nitrate or urea (animal piss)
  • uses the NPK ratings
  • nitrogen is very important early
  • as it matures  it needs more phosphorus to stimulate the buds

Free Food

  • best is to use homemade compost
  • the classic in manure with straw and woodchips
  • pet rabbit waste (or non meat eating animals)
  • leftover alfalfa rabbit food
  • save the dirty water from your fish tank
    • fish poop
    • if really dirty , dilute it
  • if it is fresh manure don’t apply it directly to your garden
  • It can be very “hot”
    • could burn the plants
    • spread it in plot about 60 days before you plant
    • rabbit dung can be readily applied
  • Can use chicken feather has very slow-release nitrogen properties
  • use coffee grounds
  • though it acidic (low pH)  maybe put in compost pile
  • use egg shells
    • dry
    • pulverize

Tip from Dr. Kindbud:  Beware of fertilizer containing biosolids  (sewage sludge)

  • can use sea weed
    • loaded with potassium
    • collect and let it decompose for 2 months”’
  • compost from mushroom farms
  • Piss
    • human pee
    • mix it in 10 parts

Fast Foods

  • Buy organic fertilizer
    • most are slow-release
    • maybe Kricket Krap
    • mix and apply about 30 days before planting
    • need a steady balance of nitrogen to grow a huge plant
  • use liquid fertilizer if you are growing in a container
  • stay away from bright green or blue
  • Use:
    • Neptune’s Harvest
    • Alaska
    • compost tea


  • seedlings can have a weekly feeding of very low concentrate of fertilizer
  • stop feeding once the plant stips growing
  • want the plant to direct energy into bud formation

Quick Hit

  1. feed the soil before you plant
  2. pick up free organic fertilizer
  3. feed every other week
  4. look for slow-release fertilizer

Worms Do

Chapter 9:  Bad Weeds vs. Good Weeds

weeds are thieves, they are plants that moved in

    • most powerful chemicals
    • they could leach o[into ground water;
    • have been linked to cancer risks to exposed dogsmost people use herbicides
    • these weeds siphon out your need water and nutrients
  • Instead…use mulch
    • keep your soil covered with some mulch
      • this prevents light from hitting the weed seeds
    • use grass clippings
    • use grocery bags (placed on soil)
  • weed blocking
    • weed blocking fabric
      • they are very conspicuous
      • don’t nourish the soi

Hand pulling

  • pulling weeds can be very relaxing if you have a buzz on
    • moisten the soil around he roots for better pulling
    • always pull weeds before they flower
  • Use a hoe
    • it much easier with the right tool
    • get an oscillating or swan neck hoe
  • weed killing sprays
    • use if  vinegar, soap, clove, or citus oil
    • use a cut off 2 liter bottle of soda for a spray “shield”
  • Corn solutions
    • corn gluten meal inhibit seads from germinating
    • has a substantial supply of nitrogen
  • Sun-backed
    • use plastic to cook the seeds to death
    • it’s called solarizarion
    • use clear plastic
    • leave plastic in place for 6 weeks

Quick Hits

  1. pass on herbicides
  2. mulch early and often
  3. pull small weeds frequently, don’t let them go to seed
  4. Organic sprays work on targeted plants

Not Ready for Round-Up

  • glyphosate is toxic to weeds, but less toxic to people
  • it reduces the population of some microbes
  • using this destroys work you did to create good soil

Remember the Paraquat?

  • spray from the government made on Mexican crops
  • there was no harm to pot smokers!
  • used as a herbicide
  • pure Paraquat is very toxic

Chapter 10:  Bud Time

  • Get Buds while they are at their peak
  • As the daylight diminishes and the night get coller
    • plant growth slows
    • will stop growing
    • attention and expererience will tell you when the time has come
    • the buds can add up to 25% of weight in the last 2 weeks of growth
    • the pistals or “hairs” in the buds become very dark
    • warm and dry for weeks on end
    • falling temperatures and rain can make you harvest early

Flaky Frost

  • most of the time frost shuts own the cannabis plant for the season
  • hard frost always kills the plant
  • frost has to do with:
    • humidity
    • temperature
    • dewpoint
    • moisture
    • mild frost is 35 to 37 degrees
  • watering plants will also reduce the risk of frost by increasing the humidity

Rain Wreck

  • Fungus can spoil your harvest
  • It grows on plants that are consistently moist
  • don’t water the leaves
  • if you have buds, harvest them before they get too soggy

Autumn Awareness

  • your cannabis plant could be tall and green in the fall
  • does it need to be discrete.

Curing Cannabis

  • pull the whole plant out of the ground
    • roots and all
  • hang plant upside down for 48 hours
  • away from direct sunlight
  • allow space for air to flow between plants
  • after a couple of day
    • stem up lowwr set of leaves
    • toss trimming into a compost pile
  • put each top into a grocery bag
    • to best location is cool (60 to 65)
    • low humidity
    • protected from direct sunlight
  • After the plant have been in the bags for four or five days
    • clip buds from the stems
    • clip off fan leaves that have formed around the bud
    • if you can you can put the buds on a window  screen and keep in a cool, dry location
    • this is so the air can circulate around the buds on all sides

Bud Storage

  • put buds in glass jars
  • or use Tupperware plastic jars
  • seal tightly
  • keep in cool place
  • away from direct sunlight
  • check and make sure there is no condensation
    • cause mold to form
    • a musty smell
    • look out for mildew

Smoke Right

  • When rolling the joint:
    • sheer, glueless papers like the Club brand
    • glass leads to pure and complex flavors
    • wooden or metal pipes have their own flavors
    • a glass bowl  (or bong) need no screen, it’s easy to clean, and tstes only like weed
  • watch a movie!
  • Take a hike
    • lets the mind wondee
  • listen to music  favs are:
    • grateful dead
    • Wilco
    • Miles Davis
    • Sonny Rollins
    • Philip Glass
  • Lie in a hammock or sit under a tree
    • enjoy nature
    • smell the fresh air
    • feel the sunshine

Quick Hits

  1. let the plants grow as long as possible
  2. protect the plant from frost
  3. pick before a heavy rainstorm
  4. Cure and store buds in a cool, dry place


Wear gloves when handling the stalks and buds to minimize the THC resin loaded up on your hands

Farming Indoors

  • Right Lighting
    • they rely on photosynthesis and flowering
      • a greenhouse is ideal indoor environment
        • exposes plants to the maximum sunlight while protecting the plant from other ouside elements
        • if needed run fans in your greenhouse
        • in greenhouse you have to supply light
  • for starting seeds
    • original fluorescent fixture and light bulbs are OK
    • could go to incandescent lights tend to get too hot
    • you need to invest in a lighting system designed to grow plants insside
    • for best use either metal halide or high pressure sodium lamps
    • get both types of light
      • red-orange spectrum  (flowering and budding)
      • blue side spectrum
  • Movies featuring cannabis
    • Dazed and Confused
    • Fast Time at Ridgemont High
    • Harold and Kumar Go to White Casstle
    • Humboldt
    • Knocked /up
    • Pieces of April
    • Reefer Madnes
    • Saving /grace
    • Up In Smoke
    • The Wackness
    • Where the Buffalo Roam

Artificial light work best when they are close to the plants

  • as your plants grow keep the top leaves two to three inches from the lights
  • if the light is to far from the light they put all their energy into growing longer stems to get close
  • you want shorter plants growing leaves and flowering
  • Controlling how much light the plant gets is very important
  • when plants are buiding the stems, branches and leaves they need much light
  • make sure they get at least 14 hrs  per day
  • when budding is beginning, increase the dark period to at least 10 hrs
  • the change of light-dark cycle triggers flowering

Air and Heat

  • plants need carbon dioxide
  • need a fan to push out stale air
  • ideal temp for an indoor plant wouyld be between 68 and 787 degrees f
  • with a 10-15 degree drop duing the dark cycle
  • In dry situation the plant produces THC in the room natura resin on leaves to reuce the moisture
  • plants that are not getting enough fresh air turn yellow and droop
  • Dry condition (humid room (causes leaves to grow wide and they don’t produce this resin
  • When you water the humidity in the room naturally increases
  • a light breeze from  a fan will help dry out plants  (in a small room)
  • Set up a dehumidifier in a large room

Soil and Containers

  • outdoor plant enjoy the benefits of the healthy, self sustaining soil microbes
  • this does not mean use outside soil inside
  • mix an equal amount of peat moss and decomposed compost
  • the peat moss insures that the soil will drain OK
  • start the plants in small conainers
    • make sure you have drainage holes
    • use just the soil mi
      • no pebbles
      • or water crystals
      • use compost

Watering and Feeding

  • plants grown indoors has the benefit of a water supply
  • make sure you don’t over water
    • you could drown the plant
    • cause fungi
    • use the index finger down to the second knuckle to test
      • if its damp….it’s fine
  • best way to water the plants is from below
    • put pots in a dish of water
    • let the water wick up the roots
    • if not, pour water directly on soil, not the leaves
  • It’s better for a plant to have a good dousing once or twice a week than to rely on sprinkles each day
  • if the water is at the top that’s where the roots will be
  • if you let the roots move down, you will have bigger roots that means bigger plants
  • can buy drip irrigation systems
  • As your plant grows you will need:
    • compost
    • liquid fish
    • seaweed
  • Start with a diluted solution like “just a teaspoon” then gradually increase the solution.
  • feed just once a week
  • plants a disrupted by excess fertilizer.
  • when flowering begins, switch to a fertilizer that is higher in phosphorus
  • Use BioBloom

Quick Hits

  1. use lights made for indoor plant growing
  2. manage the light dark cycle carefully
  3. keep the room dry and well ventilated
  4. use a soil mix fir container gardening
  5. keep moisture constant

Hydroponic Organic – Not

  • uses rich water instead of soil
  • A truly organic crops can only be grown in soil
  • it’s unnatural (system)
  • has no microbes
  • there is no such thing as organic hydroponic gardening

Chapter 12:  Trouble-Shooting Guide

  • Bugs and Other Creepy Crawlers
    • 80% of all insect give benefits to the plant
    • most are needed for pollination
    • Thee insect eat many pests
    • many insect live and feed by your plants, but never damage them
    • chemical pesticides kill both good and bad bugs
    • can knock the insect cycle out of balance
    • plant flowers, which produce nectar, that will help your crops
    • add a small dish of water
    • add a birdbath because birds eat bugs
    • 9 times out of 10 predators and pest get into balance with each other,  thus tge plants will be problem free
    • If you have a specific pest that harms you plant, choose a remedy that targets this pest
    • Check out website: for pest info
  • Water
    • plain H2O applied with a hose can knock pest off plant
    • takes care of spider mites
  • Barriers
    • block the pests
    • use row covers
    • beware of cutworms
      • eat seedlings
      • use scrap cardboard to make a “collar”
        • wrap collar around base of plant
        • bury the collar about 1/2 an inch
    • slugs and snails can also cause an issue
      • can buy a DE product for this purpose
      • use a beer trap
  • Traps
    • flying pest use a sticky trap
    • bag-a-bug
  • Soap
    • long chain fatty acids in soap wash away insects protective outer coating
    • use a quart of water, a tablespoon of dawn and a teaspoon of cooking oil works as well as special soaps
  • Oil
    • for a ‘scale, should spray with a horticultural oil
  • Bacteria
    • caterpillars are not know to plague pot plant
    • If they do show up, use Bacillus thuringiensis or Bt to control them
    • this hurt digestive system for caterpillars
  • Four-legged Fiends
    • some animals like to munch on cannabis plants
    • protect your crop
      • a fence (electric?)
      • bury fence a foot or two for rabbits or groundhog
  • Could layout bars of strong smelling soap (Irish Spring)
  • can make homemade prays but……………………..
  • Buy fox urine  scent of a predator


Damaging Diseases

  • pull out all afflicted plants
  • plant diseases are usually soil borne
    • pathogens in your soil
  • you need to nurture the beneficial soil micribes by using compost
  • Seedling started indoors may be afflicked by a fugi called damping off
    • common in humid environments
    • maybe sprinkle dry peat moss or cornmeal on to[ of the soil
  • Fungi in cannabis can cause bud rot
  • if you have bud rot, remove the branch
  • be careful when handling the bud rot, it might release stuff in the air
  • when done, wash your hands


  • when plants don’t have the nutrients they need they become vulnerable
  • need a good balance of nutrients
  • Signs of malnutrition
    • yellow leaves
    • red stems
    • stunted growth
    • plant fails to form flowers
    • Calcium deficient plants are very slow growing
    • insufficient sulfur shows new growth is yellow rather than green’
    • without enough magnesium, leaves curl up
    • leaves lacking iron are pale, but veins are still dark

A Tip from Dr. Kindbud

Plant leafy heads of kale or cabbage to deter from cannabis crop

Quick Hits

  1. observe pests before you react
  2. scare the varmints with motion
  3. rip out disease plants
  4. undernourished plants may look diseased
  5. Resist the quick fix

Chapter 13:  Graduate Level

  • Cover your assets
    • soil admendments and fertilizer are quick fixes
    • use cover crops during the off-season
    • they add organic matter to the soil
    • cover crops are one of two types
      • legumes (beans)
      • draws nitrogen from air to fix the soil
      • use grasses as cover crop
  • Cutting to add
    • pruning makes the plant stronger
    • produce more THC resin
    • more branches, leaves, and more buds
    • in summer they can grow 2.5 inches each day
    • start pruning when plant is 18 inches tall
    • snip off the top leaf cluster
    • cut where two branches ar on opposite sides
    • wait for more growth
      • making sure it has sunlight
      • can use the compost pile as a clone, or back-up crop
  • Cloning
    • need to try many varieties

Facts and Figures

  • 80 million Americans admit to smoking marijuana
  • 20 million smoked in the past year  (published 2010)
  • Marijuana was prohibited in 1937
  • 2.2 million tons of marijuana was produced in 1981
  • 22 million tons have been produced domestically in 2006
  • Cannabis is one of the top 3 cash crops in 30 states

Hemp vs. marijuana

  • they both comes from the cannabis sativa
  • hemp block the psychoactive effect of the plant
  • Acts as food and fiber
  • people are growing hemp in Wisconsin

Plant A Garden

  • benefit of a cannabis garden:
    • flowers and herbs attract many insects
    • the more you grow, the more you will interact with how nature grows
    • a garden full of many plant hides the cannabis plant
    • its a joy to share your crop just like sharing a fruit from your own garden
    • you are making the world healthier and greener growing organic stuff

Best grown from seed

  • beans
  • beets
  • carrots
  • corn
  • peas
  • radishes
  • spinach

From starter seed

  • Basil
  • broccoli
  • cucumbers
  • melons
  • peppers
  • squash
  • tomatoes

To buy seeds:




Legal information on /growing /cannabis:


From Glossary

  1. Calyx:  a very thin membrane surrounding the reproductive orgab of the plant.
  2. Cotyledon:  Tiny embryonic leaves that are the first to emerge
  3. Beneficial’s:  good bugs’
  4. Compost:  Mix of yard waste, kitchen scrapes, animal manure
  5. Dehiscence:  Shedding of pollen by males
  6. Direct sowing:  planting seed right into garden
  7. feminized seed:  a male plant is treated with an artificial hormone and it produces only “X” or female chromosomes.  When female plant is exposed to this pollen it produces only female seeds
  8. Humus:  decomposed organic matter
  9. Hybrid:  from cross breeding
  10. N-P-K:  Nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium
  11. Open-pollinated:  will produce off spring from one season to the next
  12. organic gardening:  no pesticides or synthetic fertilizer
  13. organic matter:  decaying plant residue
  14. photoperiod:  the amount of light vs. dark in cycle
  15. Pistal:  Female organ
  16. Sepal: one if the individual leaves of the calyx
  17. Sensemilla:  cannabis produced without pollination
  18. Stamen:  pollen producing part of the plant
  19. Tetrahydrocannabinol:  the psychoactive component of cannabis THC.  It’s also used to protect the plant from grazing animals

closed on the 18th of February  🙂