Most of the Buds enjoyed the book, and it was noted that this text would be a good reference tool. The book received a 4 smiley face ratting. Nine people atteneded.
Preface: Authors like the welfare of animals. Looked at habitat by studding landscape architecture. She liked indigenous plants. If you support wild flora you support all wildlife. Indigenous plant are the best sources of food and shelter for wildlife. Some fruits and vegetables have come from other contents. Us gardeners have much power for indigenous plants. Gardeners can rebuild the world.
Acknowlegdements: for digital camera, time….etc
Gardeners like to enhance the landscape for future generations. Talk about planting Norway maples can’t provide a source of food (pleasing to the eyes and nose).. Indigenous plants are a key to the food chain.
An indigenous plant is one that evolved over millennia in the same habitat in which it is currently found. (location 113) these plant evolves over thousands of years.
talk about boundaries (NE America) these plants migrated south to escape the glarciers. Mountains from North to South. In Europe it’s East to West. As the plants migrate so did the wildlife.
poppies seeds need pollination
these provide nectar, insects come, creates bird food
insects disrupt indigene\ous plants
Garlic Mustard threaten the canopy of forest trees
It poisons the forest
some insects need indigenous plants
lawns are resources dependent….plants do move around
Use indigenous plants to: conserve resources, maintain a healthy web of life, preserve regional identity (location 203)
2. Wildlife in field, forest, and garden
All species of wildlife need water, food, and safe hiding/resting/nesting places
plants are also wildlife. Wildlife taught the plants how to be more efficient producers of essential needs.
90% of insect evolve to tolerate only a few specific plants as food
butterflies can be fooled by bigleaf lupine
Watch out for Chinese butterfly plants because they become invasive (location 238)
butterflies look for a quick snack of nectar
not used as a host plant
looks for a host plant to lay her eggs
butterflies have leg sensors to taste and smell (location 249)
need indigenous plants to servive (bees for polllination)
bees needing one plant for pollen are called Monolectic
bees think of themselves!!
a honeybee is a nonindigenous bee
Bring up Birds
human influences are changing thee world (303)
birds are controlled by the availability of food (insect larvae)
look at hawthorn branches for butterflies
berries do not provide enough nutrition
having an indigenous landscape will host the greatest abundance of birds
indigenous plants do host wildlife
trout feed on insects
butterflies see ultraviolet color range.
talk about asters as a host plant
butterflies do like white flowers, nectar plant to attack moths
try a fruiting hedge (for birds migrating) or evergreens
do you want your garden to be a source or sink
butterflies fly between 60 and 80 degree F.
look at spicebush
(location 445) How butterflies spend the winter
an outdoor cat will be a sink
birds kill hundreds of millions of birds annually
cats with bell kill more birds
are deer pests?
10 to 20 deer per square mile
deer eats themselves out of house and home
this hurt other wildlife! (location 481)
deers are causing wildflower declines
deers are evolving eating ground cover lowar toxin
they are forced to evolve
it seen that there will bee deer barriers
nonindigenous plants can cause a wildlife to become extinct
old garden plant is the Franklin tree….it was saved by gardeners
limiting nonindigenous plants “having sex” controlling fruit
names of plants scientific and common names
first is genius, and second is the part or species
pollinations: insect with nectar, pollen on insects
cultivated plant varieties works with cultivars (single species)
maybe these cultivars need to be clones.
Hybrid Plant is inter breeding. Some hybrids can reproduce
crossing American with Asian or European
Hybrid Cultivars are cloned
hybrid vs. indigenous plants
open pollenated plant? (location 607)
cultivar offer many benefits (showey…novelity)
these fit into the food web
they lack genetic diversity…can cross pollinate
hybrids are sometimes sterile…but some will reprodue
nonindigenous plants have uncontrolled reproduction.
choose wisely when you pick a tree to plant
indigenous trees are good for butterflies or catepillars
purple loosestrife is invasive
think about using annuals for environmental changes
make sterile clone of Norway maple
If its sterile then no nectar
if you stick to one cultivar you won’t have any cross pollination
deadheading is good ffor the garden
girdling is removing a section of bark all the way around the tree, this disrupts its ability to pull water and nutrients up into the crown and the tree will die.
weed wacker is the best
TREES Norway Maple produces many seeds
John Bartram imported the tree for landscaping needs. 32%
Massachusetts has taken action to ban the sale of the tree
pest don’t like Norway maples
look at Canada Red* (produces red berries)
Norway trees are not a roadway tree
Oak is a substitute for Norways
good street trees
Elm make good backyard trees
beware of trees that don’t suppport insects
dogwoods host anthracnose, but attacks song birds
Instead of dogwood use hawthorns
Willow don’t invade that much…spreading out and covering indigenous plants
weeping willows invade moist area
Spicebush is a shrub has yellow flowers produce bright red berries up to 15 feet tall)
pussy willows are good for kids
Brambles for a hedge, its dense
Guelder Rose has spread to thirty states (white flowers) vibururnum
Nonindigenous Honeysuckles. face aa sales ban in the eastern states
plant better food for garden plants
butterfly bush produces a huge amount of seed. Crowds out indigenous plants
Bottlebrush buckeye????, Elderberry, even burning bush from Asian (makes small berries)
alternative use a highbush blueberry
for fall foliage you could use winged or smooth sumac
maintenance needs to be done on any ivy ground cover, maybe honeysuckle
Japanese honeysuckles destroy ground
trumpet honeysuckles can be found at good gardening centers
Use Golden groundsel as evergreen groumdcover
Connecticut and Mass. have stopped distribution of goutweed
Canada ginger is a very effective groundcover
PERENNIALS AND GRASSES
purple loosestrife has been tagged as a weed
moves about 1 foot per year
look at New England aster
yellow iris can live without water (roots) for 3 months
plants were exported to Europe
are garden are not diverse as years ago
we need to look at plants sustainability
does nature = chaos? gardening for control
- what’s the purpose of the garden
2. necessary resources
source of water that’s needed
inkberry is a hedging plant it takes pruning well
red bud 30-40 feet tall
Japanese gardens need much maintenance
perennial can be a border
discuss herb gardens
ink berry has tiny leaves instead of needles
New York aster
Street trees are inviting for people to get out of their cars and walk
do we want trees that have berries!
people like the panting of indigenous trees (street trees)
maybe trees can help defend the safety of a “sports field”
buffalo grass is the only indigenous grass that’s used
Yards take up about 50 thousand square miles (area equal to New York State)
Maybe a rain garden….plants needing more moisture
indigenous pollinators are needed
Do we want fragrant garden (flowers)
indigenous flowers have limited blooming time???? myth?????
seeds are imported from Europe (black-eyed Susan???)
plants (conifers) of all colors help provide shelters for birds
Gardeners like the “rush” they feel when exposed to nature
sees that roots are in harmony with the Earth
closed canopy of the urban garden (on openings for roads or houses)
there are “conditions” which hurts wildlife
In the Northeast there is a greater amount of forest cover than it did 150 years ago.
Consider having a meadow instead of a lawn
maybe use plugs UAHHHH!!!!
for a meadow you need to learn about the soil
everything likes to grow in a meadow
need grasses for the foundation
extends the “magical season to late fall
Don’t expect much from your meadow. (about the 3rd growing season)
a meadow allows a rare habitat for special plants
for plant throw some rocks into a field…then plant where the rocks fall
Discussion of ferns (location 1675)
Also heath plants
note: replace Norway maple and use Buffalo grass
stay away from ivy and display the rocky summits
look at rock ledges for alpine or rock garden.
freshwater streams, ponds, and other wetlands
local topography (soil)
need more moisture for a marsh, meadow, or swamp
in a stream the placement of rocks are very important with ripples and waterfall
plant root to deep, it will drawn. Plant about 6 inches deep group shrubs together.
white cedar swamp, also hardwood swamps including the silver maple, sweetgum, or swamp while oak
When starting out, look for examples close to home, and study throughout season. Noting the moisture needs.
For Bogs you need shad
fertilizer is toxic to blog plants
plants like sand (maybe more than soil) – around seashores
characteristic of your site – for seashore gardens
indigenous plants were sent to Europe
now its “wood lots”
indigenous plants are sustainable plants … refer to the U.S. cars
FIND TRUSTED SOURCE
need to know alternative sources. Check out the appendix or look on the web.
if it’s grown at the nursey it’s not indigenous
Don’t use common name when requesting a plant
http://www.plants.usda.gov plant database
some shows the state where the plants are indigenous
attractive to birds and butterflies
American Beauties (http:www.abnativeplants.com)
NONINDIGENOUS IMPORTS (IMPOSTERS)
Look and nursery propagated seed or nursery-grown or wild-collected
HOW MANY PLANTS SHOULD I BUY?
result is the type of look
buy in the rule of three….buy at least a pair (one extra)
plant fruiting trees in masses
WORD OF SUSTAINABILITY OF INDIGENOUS PLANTS
we don’t need plants from around the world!
Appendix B for nectar plants that serve as hosts (moths nd caterpillar)
Appendix C for berries for birds cross pollination (male & female)
APPENDIX F INDIGENOUD HRIRLOOMS
devils walking stick (1783) 🙂
monkey flower 😉
shooting star 🙂
cardinal plant 🙂
weeping redbud 🙂
Appendix I STREET TREES
Kentucky COFFEE TREE 😦
hoptree 🙂 35 ft. max
Appendix k: Indigenous annuals and bienials
Appendix L gives many http://www sites
Appendix M gives native trees and shrubs sold locally (+ wildflowers)
- what’s an spp?
- I’m a stranger to most plant that were referred to
- whats a blog plant?
- Blue-eyed Mary
2 thoughts on “Designing Gardens with Flora of the American East by Ms. Carolyn Summers (Feb. book)”
A lot of thanks for sharing article of design
“Designing Gardens with Flora of the American East” is a practical go-to resource for developing a successful native garden environment if you live east of the Mississippi River. Beginning with three chapters concerning the natural history of native plants and their critical uses for wildlife, author Carolyn Summers then devotes several “guidebook” chapters for readers who want to give gradual native planting a try without converting their property into what looks to their neighbors like a week patch. We found the occasional “preaching” tone to be off-putting and unnecessary, since readers are probably already ready to try native gardening. In other words, why preach to the choir? Especially useful in this volume might be the “Appendixes”– lists of specific indigenous plants subdivided into all sorts of categories to take with you when shopping online, in catalogs, and in nurseries. Again, a very helpful resource to help gardeners, designers, and landscapers ease the transition from mostly nonindigenous to indigenous landscapes.